CLOVE

EUGENIA CARYOPHYLLATA (SYZYGIUM AROMATICUM)
 

 

Cultivation of Clove in Indonesia

 

Clove trees are indigenous to the Maluku islands of Indonesia. Indonesia has been the dominant producer of clove buds and clove oil globally for decades.

Indonesia is also the largest consumer of clove buds as a spice, which is primarily used in the kretek cigarette industry. It is due to this high demand for Clove Buds in the cigarette industry that farmers are using the remaining components (dry leaves, and stems/claws) of the clove tree to produce clove oil its derivatives thereafter.



 

 

How have changes in the production of Patchouli affected the development of Clove Oil in Sulawesi?

 

Around 5 years ago, despite being the largest producer of clove buds, the Sulawesi Island contributed a very small proportion of the overall clove oil production in Indonesia. Meanwhile the advent of patchouli distillation in Sulawesi eventually resulted in overproduction and a crash in patchouli prices

Farmers halted Patchouli cultivation and distillation temporarily to use the same infrastructure to distill Clove leaves and stems. Over time, other farmers followed suit to this practice and the number of distillation stills kept growing. This trend continues, and there are an increasing number of clove oil producers in Sulawesi. For many, the distillation of clove oils serves as an alternative source of income for the period where there are no clove buds to harvest.

 

Regions of Cultivation

 

 

 

 

The dynamics of Clove Oil Production in Indonesia are evolving.

 

 

For a very long time, Java (~25% of Clove Plantations in Indonesia) has been the dominant producer of Clove oils with over 80% of the volume originating from this island.

The island of Sulawesi, which has over 70% of Indonesia's clove plantations has seen very little focus from Essential Oil producers primarily because of it's remote / difficult access. With the overall availability of leaves and stems in Sulawesi, this island presents great potential to grow the overall production of clove oils by multiple folds. In 2017, Van Aroma established Asia's single largest Clove Oil distillation facility in south-east Sulawesi, and sources more than 80% of it's volume from Sulawesi today. This provides for a new, fully traceable, and sustainable source of clove oils from a previously untapped source.

 

 

 

 

 

What are the different types of Clove Oils?

 

THE DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE CLOVE PLANT CAN BE STEAM DISTILLED TO PRODUCE VARIOUS TYPES OF CLOVE OILS SUCH AS: CLOVE BUD OIL, CLOVE STEM OIL AND CLOVE LEAF OIL.

Clove bud oil derived from dried buds by steam distillation, contains free eugenol, eugenol acetate and caryophyllene. The stem oil contains more free eugenol than the bud oil, as well as a small percentage of eugenyl acetate. The leaf oil contains the least amount of total eugenol compared to buds or stems, and has very small quantities of eugenyl acetate.

 

 

 

 

How do we source our Clove Oil ?

 

We source all our Clove Oil from partner farmers and pre-approved accumulators who harvest and process the Clove leaves, stem and bud through steam distillation to produce a basic form of Clove Oil.
CLOVE OIL DISTILLATION IN 7 STEPS

 


 

 

IPCGRADES OF CLOVETDSSDS
CL-173 Clove Leaf Oil Crude 73%
CL-178 Clove Leaf Oil Crude 78%
CL-180 Clove Leaf Oil Rectified 80%
CL-182 Clove Leaf Oil Crude 82%
CL-185 Clove Leaf Oil Rectified 85%
CL-285 Clove Stem Oil 85% M.D.
CL-380 Clove Bud Oil
CL-382 Clove Bud Oil Spices Grade
CL-383 Clove Bud Dust Oil
CL-384 Clove Bud Oil Madagascar
CL-385 Clove Bud Oil Standard
CL-460 Alpha Humulene
CL-477 Clove Terpenes
CL-501 Eugenol Redistilled 99%+
CL-502 Eugenol USP 99.5%
CL-601 Beta Caryophyllene 85%
CL-602 Beta Caryophyllene 90%
CL-603 Beta Caryophyllene 95%
CL-604 Beta Caryophyllene Acetate
CL-701 Isoeugenol Trans 88%
CL-702 Isoeugenol Trans 92%
CL-801 Methyl Eugenol
CL-802 Methyl Iso Eugenol
CL-901 Eugenyl Acetate
CL-902 Isoeugenyl Acetate
CL-386 Clove Bud Extract
CL-284 Clove Stem Oil 85% Dark
CL-170 Clove Leaf Oil Rectified 70%
CL-387 Clove Bud Oil - CO2